| In order to reveal the structural characteristics of catch community in Dongguan ecological park wetland, an important component of the Dongguan National Urban Wetland Park, and to explore the differences in attributes of catch community between two type of gillnets and among different nets with mesh size, fishes were sampled in the wetland from June to December, 2019, using multi-mesh gillnets with 12 mesh sizes of 1.0, 1.25, 1.6, 2.0, 2.5, 3.1, 3.9, 4.8, 5.8, 7.0, 8.6 and 11.0 cm. The results showed that a total of 13 fish species were collected, and Toxabramis houdemeri and Oreochromis mossambica were the dominant species in terms of relative importance index. The former species accounted for 84.8 percent of the abundance of the whole catch community and the latter one contributed 40.2 percent to its biomass, respectively. There was a significant difference between benthic and floating gillnet in catch species composition, but were not in number per unit effort (NPUE), biomass per unit effort (BPUE) and species number; floating gillnet had significantly lower NPUE of two tilapia species (O. mossambica and Oreochromis nilotica) than benthic gillnet, but T. houdemeri did not significantly differ in NPUE between the two type of gillnet. Two species clusters of catches sampled by nets with 12 different mesh sizes were obtained using cluster analysis (CA) and non-metric multidimensional scaling (NMDS); one species cluster was composed of catches collected by nets with mesh size of 1.0~2.0 cm with indicator species of T. houdemeri, and another species cluster consisted of catches sampled by nets with mesh size of 2.5~11.0 cm with indicator species of O. mossambica and O. nilotica. Meanwhile, two size clusters of all catches were also obtained using CA and NMDS; one size cluster was made up of catches sampled with 1.0~3.9 cm mesh-size nets and another size cluster comprised catches collected with 4.8~11.0 cm mesh-size nets. With increasing mesh size, the average body length of catch increased linearly, while NPUE decreased by power function. To more scientifically estimate the fish community structure in inland waters, adding nets with mesh size of 1 to 2 cm to the multi-mesh gillnet and combining use of benthic and floating gillnet would be recommended in the future.