| Mandarin fish (Siniperca sp.) is a valuable freshwater economic fish in China, and its production has been approached 330,000 tons in 2019. The test introduced aquaculture situation of this fish from aspects of aquaculture status, aquaculture mode and selective breeding. The feeding habit of this fish is unique, which relies on prey fish for all lifetime. For many years, prey fish are mainly used to feed mandarin fish, and the way of raising fish by fish not only causes the waste of fishery resources, but also aggravates the damage to environment and resources. Thus, the manuscript also summarized the external factors affecting feeding characteristics of this fish species from environmental factors and feed properties, and analyzed the internal factors from the aspects of feeding sense organs and feeding regulation factors. This may be helpful to adjust the feeding habits of this fish through artificial intervention, and provide necessary basis for its conversion to eat formula feed. Meanwhile, it is necessary to strengthen the research on the feeding regulation mechanism and nutritional physiological demand characteristics, so as to achieve the breakthrough of compound feed and promote the green and healthy development of its aquaculture industry.