文章摘要
石建高,余雯雯,赵奎,刘永利,王磊,许爱蔡,王立群,常向玉,王越,孙斌,舒爱艳.海水网箱网衣防污技术的研究进展[J].水产学报,2021,45(3):472~485
海水网箱网衣防污技术的研究进展
Progress in research of antifouling technology of offshore cage netting
投稿时间:2020-05-25  修订日期:2020-06-18
DOI:10.11964/jfc.20200512274
中文关键词: 海水网箱  网衣  网箱养殖  防污技术  污损生物  网衣附着物
英文关键词: offshore cage  netting  cage aquaculture  antifouling technology  fouling organism  netting attachment
基金项目:中国水产科学研究院东海水产研究所基本科研业务项目(2019T04);国家自然科学基金(31972844,31872611);工信部高技术船舶科研项目(半潜式养殖装备工程开发);2020年省级促进 (海洋) 经济高质量发展专项资金(粤自然资合[2020]016号)
作者单位E-mail
石建高 中国水产科学研究院东海水产研究所上海 200090  
余雯雯 中国水产科学研究院东海水产研究所上海 200090 yuww@ecsf.ac.cn 
赵奎 东莞市方中运动制品有限公司广东 东莞 523751  
刘永利 中国水产科学研究院东海水产研究所上海 200090  
王磊 中国水产科学研究院东海水产研究所上海 200090  
许爱蔡 海南科维功能材料有限公司海南 海口 570100  
王立群 上海迈奥新材料科技有限公司上海 200090  
常向玉 淄博美标高分子纤维有限公司山东 淄博 255400  
王越 中国水产科学研究院东海水产研究所上海 200090
上海海洋大学海洋科学学院上海 201306 
 
孙斌 中国水产科学研究院东海水产研究所上海 200090
上海海洋大学海洋科学学院上海 201306 
 
舒爱艳 中国水产科学研究院东海水产研究所上海 200090
上海海洋大学海洋科学学院上海 201306 
 
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中文摘要:
      海水网箱养殖中,网衣污损附着物会影响网箱设施安全及其养殖鱼类的健康生长,因此,网衣防污是网箱养殖业备受关注的问题。本文在简述海水网箱网衣分类与特点的基础上,重点介绍了人工清除法、防污涂料法、机械清除法、金属合金网衣防污法、箱体转动防污法、生物防污法、网衣本征防污法等网衣防污技术最新研究进展;结合本课题组在网衣防污方面的研究成果,分析上述防污技术的特点,为网衣防污技术的深入研究以及水产养殖业的绿色发展提供参考。我国海水网箱养殖业大有可为,但网衣防污工作仍任重道远。
英文摘要:
      In offshore cage aquaculture, the fouling organisms attached to netting could be detrimental to cage facilities and the living environment of cage-cultured fish. Due to the wide variety of marine fouling organisms, the various changes in the marine environment, the complex structure of net cage, the safety of farmed fish, and the varying conditions of farmers, the anti-fouling work of net cage is very complicated and difficult. Therefore, the antifouling problem of netting has been a cause for concern in offshore cage aquaculture. This paper briefly introduces the classification and the product characteristics of offshore cages; based on these, it then specifies the cutting-edge of offshore cage antifouling technologies, including manual cleaning method, antifouling coating method, mechanical cleaning method, metal alloy netting antifouling method, box rotation antifouling method, biological antifouling method, and the intrinsic antifouling method of netting, etc. Meanwhile, the antifouling effects of these methods, particularly the good and bad effects compared with manual removal method, are summarized. Underpinned by our research group's findings regarding cage antifouling, it analyses the different methods listed above and serves as reference for in-depth study of offshore cage antifouling technologies and green development of offshore cage aquaculture. On the basis of summarizing some cage antifouling methods with their advantages and disadvantages, the authors proposed some research proposals directions for cage antifouling technologies. The first is to study the antifouling mechanism of net coatings and metal alloy net, the intelligent technology of the mechanical cleaning machine and the spinning technology for composite fiber with the intrinsic antifouling function. And the second is to create collaborative anti-fouling technology (such as the combination of mechanical removal method and antifouling coating method or other antifouling methods). In China, there is great potential in offshore cage aquaculture, but there is a long way to go in the study of antifouling technologies of offshore cage netting.
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