文章摘要
晁青何,申峰峰,蔡振西,张俊玲.cbx2在青鳉胚胎发育和性腺中的表达谱与定位[J].水产学报,2021,45(3):357~364
cbx2在青鳉胚胎发育和性腺中的表达谱与定位
Expression pattern and localization analysis of cbx2 during embryonic and gonadal development in the medaka (Oryzias latipes)
投稿时间:2020-01-09  修订日期:2020-06-08
DOI:10.11964/jfc.20200112133
中文关键词: 青鳉  胚胎发育  性腺发育  cbx2
英文关键词: Oryzias latipes  embryonic development  gonadal development  cbx2
基金项目:国家自然科学基金 (31972772);青岛海洋科学与技术国家实验室海洋渔业科学与食物产出过程功能实验室开放课题(ZZ-A11)
作者单位E-mail
晁青何 上海海洋大学农业农村部淡水水产种质资源重点实验室上海 201306  
申峰峰 上海海洋大学农业农村部淡水水产种质资源重点实验室上海 201306  
蔡振西 上海海洋大学农业农村部淡水水产种质资源重点实验室上海 201306  
张俊玲 上海海洋大学农业农村部淡水水产种质资源重点实验室上海 201306
上海海洋大学水产种质资源发掘与利用教育部重点实验室上海 201306
上海海洋大学水产动物遗传育种中心上海市协同创新中心上海 201306 
jlzhang@shou.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      CBX2(Chromobox homolog 2)作为PcG(Polycomb Group)蛋白家族成员之一,在性腺发育中具有重要作用。缺乏cbx2的小鼠,雌雄性腺均发育不良,并且部分小鼠出现雄性转变为雌性的性反转现象。实验选择模式生物青鳉作为对象,通过荧光定量PCR和免疫组化技术检测了cbx2在青鳉胚胎发育过程和性腺中的表达。定量结果显示,在胚胎发育时期,cbx2在原肠胚期、神经胚期和器官形成期均具有高的表达;在两性性腺中,cbx2在精巢中的表达量较高。免疫组化结果表明,在精巢中,CBX2主要在精原细胞和精母细胞中表达;在卵巢中,CBX2主要在Ⅰ、Ⅱ、Ⅲ时相卵母细胞中表达。为进一步研究cbx2的功能,实验利用显微注射技术对cbx2进行RNA干扰,结果显示,注射siRNA后,随着cbx2表达量降低,雄性性别相关基因sox9(SRY-related HMG box 9)的表达也相应下调,雌性性别相关基因foxl2(Forkhead transcriptional factor 2)的表达则上调。研究表明,cbx2不仅参与了青鳉胚胎发育过程,而且在青鳉性腺分化以及雌雄配子发生中也起重要作用。
英文摘要:
      CBX2 (Chromobox homolog2), as a key member of the Polycomb Group protein (PcG) family, plays an important role in gonadal development. Mice lacking cbx2 showed defects in gonads (both ovary and testis) development, and some mice have exhibited male-to-female sex reversal. But little is known about the function of cbx2 in gonadal development of fish. In this study, we used Oryzias latipes, a model organism, to investigate the expression of cbx2 during embryonic and gonadal development by real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry. Real-time PCR results showed that cbx2 was highly expressed in embryos at gastrula, neurula and organogenesis stages. In bisexual gonads, cbx2 had a relatively high expression in testis. Immunohistochemistry results revealed that cbx2 mRNA was mainly localized in spermatogonia and spermatocytes in testis. And cbx2 was also predominately observed in oocytes at stages I, II and III in ovary. In order to further study the function of cbx2, we used microinjection technology to knock out cbx2. The results showed that the expression of cbx2 was significantly decreased after injecting siRNA, and thus the expression of sox9 (SRY-related HMG box 9) was down-regulated, whereas the expression of foxl2 (Forkhead transcriptional factor 2) increased. This indicated that cbx2 was not only involved in embryonic development but also played a role in gonadal differentiation and gametogenesis in O. latipes.
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